Sulphate keleawe papa kōlepa

Hōʻike Pōkole:

Kāohi a me ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi wai: He ikaika ka keleawe sulfate e pepehi i nā mea make a hoʻohana ākea ʻia i ka pale a me ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi iʻa i

ahupuaʻa. Hiki iā ia ke pale a mālama i kekahi mau maʻi iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka limu, e like me ka

maʻi hoʻopili o ka starch ovodinium algae a me ka limu limu (limu filamentous).


ʻIke kikoʻī

Nā huahana huahana

Nā hōʻailona ʻenehana

'Ikamu

Papa Kuhikuhi

CuSO4.5H2O% 

98.0

E like me mg / kg ≤

25

Pb mg / kg ≤

125

Cd mg / kg ≤

25

Mea hiki ʻole wai % 

0.2

H2SO4% ≤

0.2

Hōʻike Hoʻohana Huahana

Kāohi a me ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi wai: He ikaika ka keleawe sulfate e pepehi i nā mea make a hoʻohana ākea ʻia i ka pale a me ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi iʻa i ka aquaculture. Hiki iā ia ke pale a mālama i kekahi mau maʻi iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā limu, e like me ka maʻi hoʻopili o ka starch ovodinium algae a me ka limu limu (limu filamentous).

Hiki i nā ions keleawe manuahi ma hope o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ke keleawe sulfate i ka wai ke hoʻopau i ka hana o ka ʻōnaehana oxidoreductase i nā mea kolo, keakea i ka metabolism o nā ʻelala a hui pū paha i nā protein o nā ʻeneka i nā paʻakai protein. Ua lilo ia i lāʻau insecticidal a me nā limu-luku e ka hapa nui o nā lawaiʻa. 

ʻO ke kuleana o ke keleawe sulfate i ke kaiāulu

1. Kāohi a me ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi iʻa

Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ke keleawe sulfate e pale a kāohi i nā maʻi iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e protozoa (e laʻa, maʻi whipworm, maʻi crypto whipworm, ichthyosis, trichomoniasis, maʻi obmque tube worm, trichirus, a me nā mea like ʻole) a me nā iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā maʻi crustacean (e like me ka nui o ka iʻa Kina. maʻi, etc.).

2. ʻO Sterilization

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo Copper sulfate me ka wai lime e hana ai i ka hui ʻo Bordeaux. Ma ke ʻano he fungicide, hoʻopulu ʻia nā ipu iʻa i 20ppm keleawe sulfate wai wai no ka hapalua hola e luku ai i ka protozoa.

3. Kaohi i ka ulu ʻana o ka limu weliweli

Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ka keleawe sulfate e pale a mālama i ka lāʻau iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e Microcystis a me Ovodinium. ʻO ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka lāʻau i kāpī ʻia i ka loko iʻa āpau ʻo 0.7ppm (ʻo ka lakio o ke keleawe sulfate i ferrous sulfate he 5: 2). Ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o ka lāʻau, pono e hoʻāla ʻia ka aerator i ka manawa a i piha paha i ka wai. Pale i ka make ʻana o ka iʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā mea ʻona i hana ʻia ma hope o ka make ʻana o ka limu.

Ka mālama ʻana no ka aquaculture keleawe sulfate

(1) Hoʻohālikelike kaulike ʻia ka ʻino o ke keleawe sulfate i ka mahana o ka wai, no laila e hoʻohana maʻamau ia i ke kakahiaka i kahi lā lā, a hoʻemi ʻia ke ana e like me ka mahana o ka wai;

(2) Kūlike pololei ka nui o ke keleawe sulfate i ka momona o ke kino wai, ka ʻike o nā meaola a me nā mea paʻa paʻa, ka paʻakai, a me ka waiwai pH. No laila, pono e koho i ka nui kūpono e like me nā kūlana kikoʻī o ka loko i ka wā hoʻohana;

(3) E hoʻohana i ke keleawe sulfate me ke akahele i ka wā he alkaline ke kino o ka wai e pale aku i ke ʻano o ke keleawe oxide a me nā iʻa make;

(4) ʻO ka pae palekana palekana o ke keleawe sulfate no nā iʻa a me nā holoholona wai ʻē aʻe he liʻiliʻi, a kiʻekiʻe ke kūpikipiki (ʻoi loa no ka palai), no laila e helu pono ʻia nā ana ma ka hoʻohana ʻana iā ia;

(5) Mai hoʻohana i nā mea hao i ka wā e hemo ai, mai hoʻohana i ka wai ma luna o 60 ℃ e pale ai i ka nalo ʻana o ka efficacy. Ma hope o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana, pono e hoʻonui piha ʻia ka oxygen e pale aku i nā limu make mai ka ʻai ʻana i ka oxygen, e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai a hiki i ke kahe ʻana.

(6) Loaʻa i nā keleawe sulfate kekahi mea ʻona a me nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao (e like me ka hana hematopoietic, ka hānai ʻana a me ka ulu ʻana, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) a me ke koena i hōʻiliʻili ʻia, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana pinepine ʻia;

(7) Hōʻalo i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke keleawe sulfate i ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi worm melon a me ka pauka pauda.

Pūʻolo Huahana

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